The agreement established two neutral commissions: the Boundary Commission and the Claims Commission. The newly forged relations between Eritrea and Ethiopia are also a good sign for neighbouring towns along the border between the two countries, as conflict-ridden families and communities can finally unite and celebrate their common culture, heritage and language. Article 4: The parties shall respect the limits of independence set out in OAU resolution AHG/Res 16 (1) adopted at the OAU Summit in Cairo in 1964. A neutral delimitation commission was set up, composed of five members. The Commission shall have its seat in The Hague, the Netherlands. The Parties shall appoint two Commissioners to act within the Boundary Commission within 45 days of the signing of this Agreement. The Chairperson of the Boundary Commission may not be a national or permanent resident of either country. Within 45 days of the agreement, each party must provide allegations and evidence relevant to the Commission`s mandate. Eritrean President Isayas Afewerki and Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi signed a comprehensive agreement in Algiers. By signing the peace agreement, the two leaders had ended their two-year border war. United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, OAU Secretary-General Salim Ahmed Salim, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, Togolese President and OAU President Gnassingbe Eyadema, United States Secretary of State Madeline Albright and President Clinton`s envoy Anthony Lake attended the signing.
Annan, Salim, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflike and an EU representative, Rino Serri, also signed the agreement as witnesses (13 December 2000). At his inauguration last April, Ahmed promised to improve relations between his country and Eritrea, and his promise to end all hostilities over the border dispute between Ethiopia and Eritrea was a big unexpected step in that direction. The dispute was rooted in the different interpretations of colonial documents that delineate the border between Ethiopia and its subsidiary Eritrea. The 1998-2002 war between Ethiopia and Eritrea became the bloodiest border war on record in Africa; In just two years, about 80,000 people have lost their lives. Unable to pursue demarcation, the Boundary Commission held a meeting with the Parties in March 2006 to allow for the resumption of demarcation activities, but without success. The United Nations Security Council was called upon by the situation and called on the parties to fulfil their obligations under the Algiers Agreement. After further unsuccessful attempts to meet with the parties, the Boundary Commission did not meet in The Hague on 20 November 2006. On 27 November 2006, the Boundary Commission issued a statement on an alternative approach to identifying the location of points for column placement through the use of image processing and terrain modelling techniques. The declaration provided, inter alia, that if the parties had not reached an agreement on the placement of the pillars by the end of November 2007, the border would automatically be demarcated by the border points listed in the annex to the declaration. .