While homeless interconnection networks are developing at about the same speed, they are still similar networks with transport conditions close to equilibrium, but their interconnection capacity needs to be increased. Traffic exchanged: Peering is an interconnection agreement where two parties (usually networks) exchange traffic between (1) and (2) their transit customers (also known as Net traffic), but do not offer transit to their other peering or transit partners through their networks. [Golding] [BEREC Project, p. 19-2012] [BEREC, P. 21 Dec. 6, 2012] [Norton ISPs and Peering (“Internet Peering” is the business relationship in which companies grant each other access to each other`s customers.)] [AT&T Slide 2] [NRIC Sec. 2.5 (“Peering is an agreement between ISPs to transfer traffic between each other and for their respective customers. Peering does not imply the obligation to transmit traffic to third parties. Peering is usually a bilateral commercial and technical agreement in which two providers agree to accept data traffic from one another and from the other`s customers (and therefore from their customers`s customers).
[ISOC p. 3 (“peering agreements” are peering agreements in which two network operators agree to exchange traffic between each other`s customers (but not to use each other`s transit links). Peering is the act of exchanging traffic with a peer. [AT&T Mair Declaration Para 11 “Large ISPs often connect to AT&T through peering. Peering is a private business agreement in which two “peer” ISPs connect and exchange data traffic. Each peer only gives the other access to their own customers, not to the entire internet. “) MCI WCOM / Sprint Merger DOJ Appeal ¶ 24; AT&T/Bell South Merger Order 2007, para. 123. [SBC / AT &T Merger Order ¶ 110 2005] [WCOM MCI Merger Order, para. 145] [TWC Peering Directive (“peering” is the interaction between two different ASNs that use BGP to exchange TCP/IP routing information between service providers that operate Internet networks)] [First Sec. 706 Report, 1999, ¶ 105 &n 240 (“an agreement where two Internet backbone providers exchange traffic from an end user related to one of the providers and which ends with an end user related to the other provider”.)] [WCOM/MCI, 1998, ¶ 145 (“In a peering agreement, two IBPs agree to exchange traffic from an end-user linked to one IBP and ending with an end-user linked to another IBP.” Most traditional peering agreements are free of colonies.
This is not to say that peering is free of charge – some fixed costs are still involved, including peering ports, colocation, electricity and various equipment costs. Content Delivery Networks can accept a peering interconnection relationship with an access network. The two networks only exchange routes with each other. The content delivery network undertakes to be responsible for long-distance transport, to transport traffic as close as possible to the demand globes of the access network and to exchange traffic at the gateway of the access network. This is called “cold potato routing.” When linking the CDN to the access network, the link partners exchange only network traffic. (a) it was suggested that a first-hand source should be cited. . . .