In accordance with Article 15(1) of the Protocol on Northern Ireland to the Withdrawal Agreement between the United Kingdom and the EU, the JCWG was established on the withdrawal date to serve as a forum for the exchange of information and mutual consultation between the United Kingdom and the EU. The JCWG will be composed of representatives of the UK and the EU and will carry out its functions under the authority of the Technical Commission of the Northern Ireland Protocol, to which the JCWG will report (Article 15(2) of the Northern Ireland Protocol). The JCWG shall comply by common accord with the Rules of Procedure (Article 15(6) of the Protocol on Northern Ireland). An agreement on the future relationship between the Union and the United Kingdom can only be concluded when the United Kingdom has become a third country. However, Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union requires that the framework for future relations with the Union be taken into account in the agreement laying down the arrangements for withdrawal. During the negotiations referred to in Article 50, the Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom and endorsed by the European Council on 25 November 2018 1, established a general agreement with the United Kingdom on the framework for the future relationship. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute settlement mechanisms.  In addition, the mechanism for a level playing field has been moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration and the line in the Political Declaration that “the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas” has been deleted.
 4. The Council shall adopt the decisions referred to in paragraph 1 by means of implementing acts on a proposal from the Commission. The Commission proposal shall assess whether the conditions referred to in paragraph 1 are fulfilled. If the information provided by the United Kingdom is not sufficient for the assessment, the Commission may request additional information. On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom notified the European Council, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, of its intention to leave the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. In accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, the Union shall negotiate with the outgoing State an agreement laying down the terms of its withdrawal (withdrawal agreements), taking into account the framework of its future relations with the Union. The Withdrawal Agreement shall be concluded by the Council on behalf of the Union, after consent of the European Parliament. Title 2 of Part Six of the Withdrawal Agreement shall establish a Joint Committee to monitor the implementation and application of this Agreement on an ongoing basis. The Joint Committee shall be composed of representatives of the Union and representatives of the United Kingdom who shall meet at least once a year and shall monitor and facilitate the implementation and application of the Agreement, decide on the tasks of the specialised committees, monitor their work and make amendments to the Agreement, in so far as the Agreement expressly provides. The Joint Committee may take its decisions and recommendations only in agreement between the Union and the United Kingdom. .